CAREERS IN AVIATION
“Job prospects soar in aviation Industry”
Nature of work
|Flying Air Line Operations/Commercial Pilots|
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|The commercial pilot is the person who actually files the aircraft. The aircraft remains under the control and c command of a group of pilots led by the captain for the period between the point of time it takes off and the point of time when it touches down. He is responsible for flying passengers or cargo or both from one place to another. He also plans flights, timings and refueling schedules, takes safeguards against all eventualities such as adverse weather, loss of contact with air traffic control, sudden mechanical snags etc.
There are certain attributes to be a pilot. First of all, one should not be afraid of heights and should have a passion to fly machines. One should possess a good coordination of mind and limbs. The ability to remain calm under any circumstance and apply theoretical knowledge into practice while flying is very important. A pilot has to be a quick thinker as he is the one who is responsible for the lives of many. A lot of hard work stamina, adaptability to flow difficult time schedules, good team spirit etc., are also required in an aspirant. Most importantly, one must have emotional stability in crisis situations.
The type of license and the amount of experience have much to do with employment prospects. Commercial pilots are employed by national airlines like Indian Airlines or Air India and by private airlines as well as by foreign airlines. With the Asia Pacific region emerging as the pivot of the world, the aviation industry in India is poised for takeoff.
The number of aircrafts in India has increased tremendously with the introduction of low-cost airlines and there will be continuous requirement of trained pilots. Besides passenger’s flights, pilots are also employed by Cargo and Freight airlines. The other hi3 avenue is to become a Certified Flight instructor with aviation schools and institutes.
How to enter
The job of a pilot is very challenging as well as rewarding. There are three licenses, which you have to acquire to become a pilot-Student’s Pilot License (SPL), Private Pilot License (PPL) or the Hobby License and Commercial Pilot License (CPL).
STUDENT PILOT License (SPL) is the first stage of training and enables you to fly as a student till you get your CPL. The student has to clear an objective written examination, which tests basic mathematics knowledge of the aircraft, engines and aerodynamics. It’s a 100 marks paper, pass mark is 75. A manual providing sample questions and answers to give an idea about the nature of the questions expected in the examinations is issued by the flying clubs. The SPL examination is held every month all over India by the flying clubs.
In addition, the Director – General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) conducts an examination and issues license for Assistant Flight Radio Telephone Operators (AFR – TO). There is no age limit to acquire a SPL.
PRIVATE PILOT License (PPL) is the license which allows a student to fly a private aircraft without any kind of remuneration. This involves practical training.
Eligibility: The candidate should have passed 10+2 or an equivalent exam with Physics and Maths from a recognized board. He/she should not be less than 17 years of age. Flying requirements – comprises 60 hours of flying (40 hours with flying instructor & 20 hours solo) after rigorous training under the flying instructor.
Along with flying (practical) training, you also have to complete a theory curriculum and clear a written examination in Air Regulations, Air navigation, Aviation Meteorology and Aircraft and engines as per the prescribed syllabus by Director General. This examination tests the student’s knowledge about air craft engines, air navigation, aviation meteorology and seamanship. This examination is conducted by the DGCA. The course generally takes two years to complete and is dependent on the availability of a flying instructor and the weather conditions.
COMMERCIAL PILOT License (CPL) Flying requirements include not less than a minimum of 250 hours of flying of this; 150 hours have to be solo flying, 25 hours of cross-country flying, 10 hours of instrument flying (which means you rely only on the plane’s instruments for flying without looking at the horizon or external assistance), and 5 hours of flying in the night.
Eligibility and other requirements: Class 12th with at least 50% marks in Physics and maths. Eligible age:18 years to 30 years. In addition, you have to clear a written examination consisting of subjects like Air Regulations, Aviation Meteorology, Air Navigation, Technical Planning and Communications in Radio and Wireless Transmission and Signals (practical)
Further, you have to undergo a medical fitness test conducted by team of doctors approved by the DGCA AND THE Central Medical Establishment (CME) of the Air Force Unit. The average period of training for commercial pilot is one and half year.
Major Entrance Exam
List of some Institutions
|Flight Attendants : Airhostess/Stewards|
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One of the important aspects of travel by air is concerned with making the journey of the passenger comfortable and safe. Air hostess and Flight stewards play a very important role in ensuring this crucial aspect. They make a big difference in the passenger’s comfort level during the flight.
Nature of Work
How to Enter