Algae, Lichens and Bryophyta

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Syllabus
UNIT-1
General characters, Classification ( F.E.Fritsch and Smith). Diverse Habitat. Range of thallus
structure, photosynthetic pigments and Food
reserves. Reproduction (Vegetative, Asexual,
Sexual), Evolution of sex in algae. Types of the li
fe cycle: Economic importance (
As food and
fodder, in agriculture, pharmaceuticals and industries). Isolation and Culture of algae.
UNIT-II
Habitat, structure,
reproduction and life cycle of following forms:
Chlorophyceae-Volvox, Coleochaete, Chara.
Xanthophyceae-Vaucheria.
Phaeophyceae-Ectocarpus.
Rhodophyceae-Polysiphonia.
UNIT-III
General characters, Origin, and evolution of Bryophyta. Classification
(Eichler and Proskauer);
Habitat, Range of thallus structure, Reproduction ( Vegetative and Sexual ); Alternation of
generation; Evolution of sporophytes in Bryophytes; Economic importance:
Habitat, structure,reproduction and alternation of generation in following forms
Hepaticopida-Riccia Marchantia. Porella
UNIT-IV
Habitat, structure ,reproduction and alternation of generation in following forms
Anthocerotopsida-Anthoceros.
Bryopsida-Sphagnum,Funaria
Lichens-General character, Habitat, Structure, reproduction and economic importance of lichens, Importance of lichens as colonizers and indicators of environment.

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