Utilization of Electrical Power

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Unit-1 (i) Electric Heating: Different methods of electric heating. Principle of high frequency induction and di-electric heating. Construction, operation, performance and applicationsof arc furnace and induction furnace. (ii) Electric Welding: Welding process, welding transformer, Classification of Electric Welding: arc welding, resistance welding, welding of various metals. Unit-2 Illuminations: Definitions, laws of illuminations, polar curves, luminous efficiency, photometer, incandescent lamps: filament materials, halogen lamp. Electric discharge lamps: sodium vapour lamp mercury vapour lamp and fluorescent lamp. Light Calculations: commercial, industrial, street and flood lighting. Unit-3 Electrolytic Process: Principles and applications of electrolysis, electrodeposition, manufactures of chemicals, anodizing, electro polishing electro-cleaning, electroextraction, electrorefinig, electro-stripping (parting) power supplies for electrolytic process. Unit-4 Electric Traction & Means of Supplying Power: Systems of Electric Traction: DC & AC Systems, Power Supply for Electric Traction System: Comparison and application of different systems. Sub-station equipment and layout, conductor rail & pantograph. Unit-5 Traction Methods: Types of services, speed time and speed distance curves, estimation of power and energy requirements, Mechanics of train movement. Co-efficient of adhesion, Adhesive weight, effective weight. Traction Motor Controls: DC and AC traction motors, Series parallel starting. Methods of electric braking of traction motors.

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